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Cardiac-eu.org

Checklist for Pictograms, Icons and Symbols

No significant benefits No significant benefits
Minor benefits Minor benefits
Major benefits Major benefits
User Groups
Visual
Hearing
Physical
Cognitive
Ageing
           
Symbols match the medium
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
Symbols create the illusion of manipulatable objects, e.g., it should be clear that they can be selected, how to select them and be obvious when they are selected
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
Graphical symbols are constructed with as few graphical components as possible
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
Symbols are presented upright
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
Smooth gradients of colour are used
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
The symbol stands out from the background
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
Each icon is distinct from, and clearly visible within, a surrounding group of symbols
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
Symbols are designed according to a grid or a basic pattern
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
Angles smaller than 30° as well as filled areas are avoided
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
           
Visual graphics          
Icons are highly discriminable
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Icons remain comprehensible and discriminable through any changes in appearance due to changes in its state or mode
Major benefits visual
Minor benefits hearing
Minor benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Icons do not overlap
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Icons are not differentiated by colour alone
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
The visual appearance of icons is consistent within the set of icons
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Icons are labelled consistently
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
           
Visual animations          
Animation does not reduce the comprehensibility and recognisability of an icon
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Animation is within icon boundaries so as not to occlude other icons or obscure the user's context
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
Minor benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Animations are simple
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Animations are not automatic
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
Minor benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
           
Speech output          
There is a summary or outline of a page
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Information is presented in a logical order
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
Different voices are used for different interface elements
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Minor benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Human voices are used as much as possible
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
The maximum word level to use is 160 words per minute
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Messages are presented serially
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Experienced users can reduce the number of prompts
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Non-relevant speech is eliminated
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
           
Non-speech audio output          
Sounds are from real world situations whenever possible
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
The pitch is within the hearing range (minimum 125 Hz to 150 Hz, maximum of 5kHz)
Minor benefits visual
Minor benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Minor benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
Metaphors are clear and easily understood
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Earcons are as short as possible
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
There is a gap between consecutive earcons
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Active training or an intelligent help facility is provided
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
           
Vibro-tactile icons          
Stimuli is between 50 and 400 Hz
Major benefits visual
Minor benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
No more than 4 intensity levels are used
Major benefits visual
Minor benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
No more than 9 frequency levels are used
Major benefits visual
Minor benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Stimuli are not painful after prolonged use
Major benefits visual
Minor benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
The user can adjust the stimulus intensity
Major benefits visual
Minor benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
There is a facility for turning off tactual output
Minor benefits visual
Minor benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Audio noise from the tactual display is minimised
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
           
Kinaesthetic output          
Output is easily discriminated by potential users
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
There are exploration strategies provided
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
Navigation information is provided
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
           
Multimodal symbols          
Serial events in different modalities have a natural sequence
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
Use of a modality to present information is well suited to the information it is presenting
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing