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Cardiac-eu.org

Checklist for Television

No significant benefits No significant benefits
Minor benefits Minor benefits
Major benefits Major benefits
User Groups
Visual
Hearing
Physical
Cognitive
Ageing
           
Text on TV screens          
The typeface is optimised to reduce confusion between letter shapes.
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
The font is clear and legible
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Mixed case is used
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Italic, underlined, oblique, condensed or fancy fonts should not be used
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Flashing and scrolling text should not be used
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Text size should be a minimum of 24 lines high on a capital ‘V’
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
There is extra spacing between letters, words and lines
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
There is generous inter-line spacing to minimise problems of visual tracking
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
           
Colours          
Ensure that text on the screen is displayed using good colour contrast
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Ensure that the selected menu option is indicated on screen in different colour highlight, offering good contrast, but never rely solely on colour to convey information about e.g. selected options
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Avoid combinations of red and green
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Avoid pure red or white colours
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
           
Subtitling          
Subtitling are in a clear legible typeface
No significant benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
The recommended colours of white, yellow, cyan or green against a solid black background are used
No significant benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
The rate of subtitling is as close as possible to the rate of the spoken text whilst allowing for adequate reading time
No significant benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Subtitles comprise a single sentence occupying no more than two lines
No significant benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Subtitles are used to describe relevant non-speech information
No significant benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Where the source of speech is not immediately apparent, the first subtitle has a caption to label the source
No significant benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Different colours are used to denote different speakers
No significant benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
The speed of subtitles should not normally exceed 160 to 180 words per minutes for pre-recorded programmes
No significant benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
The word ‘Subtitles’ should be displayed legibly on the screen at the start of the programme
No significant benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
           
Signing          
BSL is the default language used
No significant benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Interpretation and voice-overs of signed programmes are synchronised with the original speech / sign language
No significant benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Signed programmes are also subtitled
No significant benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
           
Audio description          
Audio description describes characters, locations, time and circumstances, any sounds that are not readily identifiable, on-screen action, and on-screen information
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Key features of characters are identified as soon as practicable, to help identify the person in the listener’s mind’s eye.
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Use names (rather than ‘he’ or ‘she’) more often than in normal speech
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Describe at the same time as the action occurs
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Audio description does not encroach on dialogue, or sound effects unless really necessary
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Audio description provides a real-time commentary, so is in the present tense
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Periodic announcements should be made about programmes with audio description
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
           
Remote controls          
The handset is of a size which can be held comfortably
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Major benefits ageing
The remote is easily operated with one hand
No significant benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
The remote control material is be non-slippery and made of an easy grip material
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
The handset is able to operate the target receiver from a wide range of angles
No significant benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
Major benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Buttons of the same functional category are grouped together
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
A raised dot (“nib”) on the number “5” button is provided
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Buttons are intuitively differentiable by size, shape, position and texture
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
Minor benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
The four standard colour buttons (red, green, yellow, blue) are coloured correctly with no possibility of ambiguity and in the standard order
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
Minor benefits physical
Major benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
There is tactile and audible feedback when a key is activated
Major benefits visual
Major benefits hearing
Minor benefits physical
No significant benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Text and symbol labels are clear, legible and contrasted to the colour of the keys or background
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Minor benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Labels are in the maximum print size possible
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Minor benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing
Abbreviations such as OK, TV etc. are in upper case
Major benefits visual
No significant benefits hearing
No significant benefits physical
Minor benefits cognitive
Minor benefits ageing

Checklist for Remote Controls